Norway indirectly makes available to 15 EU countries in Central and Southern Europe, via grants from the ITA and Norway. The aim of the grants is to reduce economic and social inequalities and strengthen bilateral relations. (17) Save as otherwise provided in this Agreement, and in particular Protocols 41 and 43, the application of the provisions of this Agreement shall prevail over the provisions of existing bilateral or multilateral agreements binding the European Economic Community, of the one part, and one or more EFTA States, of the other part, in so far as the same subject-matter is governed by this Agreement. Which are the 27 EU countries? What is EEA and EFTA? And which countries are members of the Schengen area? See the lists of countries below. 2. The conditions for such participation shall be the subject of an agreement between the Contracting Parties and the requesting State. This Convention shall be subject to ratification or approval by all Contracting Parties in accordance with their own procedures. The EEA Agreement provides that Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein are equal partners in the internal market, under the same conditions as the EU Member States. These include access to the four freedoms of the internal market, the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital. The agreement also covers cooperation in other important areas such as research and development, education, social policy, the environment, consumer protection, tourism and culture. The Schengen area shall consist of 22 of the 27 EU Member States, plus the four EFTA States: the Contracting Parties shall accord to nationals of EC Member States and EFTA States, without prejudice to the application of the other provisions of this Agreement, the same treatment as their own nationals with regard to participation in the capital of companies or companies within the meaning of Article 34. The EEA Agreement was signed in 1992 and entered into force in 1994. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are potential candidates.
These are countries that do not yet fulfil the conditions for EU membership. (23) The words `the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the 1st (24) Any European State which becomes a member of the Community may apply to become a party to this Agreement and the Swiss Confederation or any European State which becomes a member of EFTA. It shall address its request to the EEA Council. `The texts of the acts listed in the Annexes shall also be authentic in the languages published in the Official Journal of the European Union in the Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian and Swedish languages, and shall become for certification in Icelandic and Norwegian in the Icelandic and Norwegian languages and published in the EEA Supplement to the Journal official of the European Union. Official Journal of the European Union. ». (b) within the framework of the Regional Union between Switzerland and Liechtenstein, in so far as the application of this Agreement does not achieve the objectives of this Union and the proper functioning of this Agreement is not jeopardised; The EEA Agreement does not cover the EU`s common agricultural and fisheries policy, the customs union, the common commercial policy, the common foreign and security policy, justice and home affairs or monetary union. . .