The amount of NDCs set by each country sets the objectives of that country. However, the “contributions” themselves are not binding under international law, for lack of specificity, normative character or mandatory language necessary for the creation of binding norms.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NPP by a set date, and no implementation if a target set out in a NSP is not met.   There will be only one “Name and Shame” system or, as János Pásztor, UN Under-Secretary-General for Climate Change, cbs News (USA) stated, a “Name and Encourage” plan.  Given that the agreement has no consequences if countries do not comply with their obligations, such a consensus is fragile. A stream of nations withdrawing from the agreement could trigger the withdrawal of other governments and lead to a total collapse of the agreement.  To contribute to the objectives of the agreement, countries submitted comprehensive national climate change plans (national contributions, NNCs). These are not yet sufficient to meet the temperature targets, but the agreement sets out the way forward. To promote the integrated approach it is implementing, France continues to be committed to maintaining the momentum created by COP21. It therefore actively participated in COP23 held in Bonn (Germany) from 6 to 17 November. States met to work on formulating the rules for implementing the Paris Agreement and discuss raising the level of ambition of national climate commitments.
Finally, France, together with the United Nations and the World Bank, organised a climate summit on 12 December 2017, two years after the adoption of the Paris Agreement. The One Planet Summit will focus in particular on reviving countries` climate finance efforts Since Trump`s announcement, US envoys have continued to participate in UN climate negotiations to shore up the details of the deal. Meanwhile, thousands of leaders across the country have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the overwhelming majority of Americans who support the Paris Agreement. Among city officials, business leaders, universities, and individuals, there has been a wave of participation in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the U.S. Climate Alliance, We Are Still In, and the American Cities Climate Challenge. . . .